European travellers remarked on the taste that Shah Abbas of Iran had for wine and festivities, but also for attractive pages and cup-bearers. Whatever the legal strictures on sexual activity, the positive expression of male homeoerotic sentiment in literature was accepted, and assiduously cultivated, from the late eighth century until modern times.
Moreover, he concurred with Islamic legal scholar Mohamed Fadel  in arguing that this is not about changing Islamic marriage nikahbut about making "sure that all citizens have access to the same kinds of public benefits".
It is not restricted to homosexual behaviour, however, and deals more generally with zina illicit sexual intercourse: By the end of the 4th century, after the Roman Empire had come under Christian rulepassive homosexuality was punishable by burning.
The younger partner in a pederastic relationship often was expected to make the first move; the opposite was true in ancient Greece. Diodorus went further, stating that "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused".
Pederasty Ottoman illustration depicting a young man used for group sex from Sawaqub al-Manaquib19th century While friendship between men and boys is often described in sexual ways in classical Islamic literature, Khaled El-Rouayheb and Oliver Leaman have argued that it would be misleading to conclude from this that homosexuality was widespread in practice.
According to Everett Rowson, none of the sources state that Muhammad banished more than two mukhannathun, and it is not clear to what extent the action was taken because of their breaking of gender rules in itself or because of the "perceived damage to social institutions from their activities as matchmakers and their corresponding access to women".
Evans-Pritchard recorded that in the past male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands.
Physician that theorized on ubnah includes Rhazeswho thought that it was correlated with small genitals and that a treatment was possible provided that the subject was deemed to be not too effeminate and the behavior not "prolonged". Ancient Persia In Persia homosexuality and homoerotic expressions were tolerated in numerous public places, from monasteries and seminaries to taverns, military camps, bathhouses, and coffee houses.
Later when Japanese society became pacified, the middle classes adopted many of the practices of the warrior class. Anecdotal literature reinforces this impression of general societal acceptance of the public celebration of male-male love which hostile Western caricatures of Islamic societies in medieval and early modern times simply exaggerate.
Narrated by Abdullah ibn Abbas: Then Kugle continues, "the implication of this verse is that no Muslim is better than another," even "a gay or lesbian Muslim.
The practice had died out by the early 20th century, after Europeans had gained control of African countries, but was recounted to Evans-Pritchard by the elders to whom he spoke.
The report stated that though illegal, there was a tradition of such relationships in the country, known as bache bazi or "boy play", and that it was especially strong around North Afghanistan. For example, a ruler in Persia in the 11th century advised his son "to alternate his partners seasonally: This law code condemns a situation that involves homosexual rape.
Documented instances of prosecution for homosexual acts are rare, and those which followed legal procedure prescribed by Islamic law are even rarer.
Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these authors may be recording "some kind of bonding ritual During later periods, the age of the stereotypical beloved became more ambiguous, and this prototype was often represented in Persian poetry by Turkish soldiers.
In the early Safavid era —male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes. This view was widely rejected by medieval scholars, but has found some acceptance in modern times.
Kamasutrathe ancient Indian treatise on love talks about feelings for same sexes.
Although the tafsir literature does not interpret this as a homoerotic allusion, the connection was made in other literary genres, mostly humorously.Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people vary greatly by country or territory — everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.
Laws that affect LGBT people include, but are not limited to, the following: laws concerning the recognition of same-sex relationships, including same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic.
LGBT in Islam is influenced by the religious, legal, social, and cultural history of the nations with a sizable Muslim population, along with specific passages in the Quran and hadith, statements attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
The Quran cites the story of the "people of Lot" destroyed by the wrath of God because they engaged in lustful carnal acts between men.Download