The last ruler of the Mauryan dynasty was Brithadratha. Sanitation was provided through an extensive system of covered drains running through the length of the main streets and connected by chutes with most residences. The political history of India, during the greater part of the period, mainly revolves round the rise and growth of the kingdom of Magadha, one of the four leading states which existed about BC.
Some of which were highly organized in their political structure and government while others were merely weakened by internal problems and division of power.
The most outstanding literary figure of the Gupta period was Kalidasa whose choice of words and imagery brought Sanskrit drama to new heights. Instead, he tried to convert them through his new policy, called Dharma, inscribed on rocks and pillars in the local dialects.
Thus, we see a cycle of successful empire during the Indian history civilizaion.
Ashoka later converted to Buddhism, but did not impose his faith on his subjects. The descendants of Pushyamitra Sunga were not able to maintain the stability of their empire.
Taxation, sanitation and famine relief became the concerns of the state.
The Aryans did not have a script but they developed a rich tradition. The weak character of the empire came from the rigid caste system that divided people and created unstable feelings among them. The Magadha empire was overshadowed by the more powerful empire, Maurya, which slowly began to take control of Magadha empire.
The Aryan tribes failed to unite against non-Aryan due to lack of strong political foundation and the unstable nature due to their internal caste system. In its period, Indus Valley Civilization was considered to be highly centralized in its authority and maintained a complex system.
All these archeological evidences uncovered a strong centralized authority. The high quality of the pottery, along with hoards of gold and silver found at Indus Valley sites, suggest great accumulation of wealth.
Each city was laid out on a grid plan with a high citadel and a lower city of domestic dwellings. Later on, marriages became strict, and no Vaishya or Shudra was allowed to become a Brahmana or Kshatriya or even to take up the profession of teaching or fighting.
All these factors were to play a fundamental role in the shaping of Indian culture. Political forms of Ancient India The Indian sub-continent was the home of one of the earliest civilizations of man. The power of the Sungas gradually weakened and the regions were absorbed within the dominions of the conqueror.
The Indian subcontinent gained independence from the United Kingdom inafter the British provinces were partitioned into the dominions of India and Pakistan and the princely states all acceded to one of the new states.
For the first time, the whole of the sub-continent, leaving out the extreme south, was under imperial control. This period also saw the peaceful coexistence of Brahmins and Buddhists and visits by Chinese travellers like Fa Hsien.
Urban planning is evident in the neat arrangement of major buildings contained in the citadel, including the placement of a large granary and water tank or bath at right angles to one another. Tribal chiefs bearing the title Raja or king were at first little more than war-lords, and their principal duty was protection of their tribes.
So also was the municipal administration of Pataliputra, the seat of the empire. Tribal chiefmanship gradually became hereditary, though the chief usually operated with the help of advice from either a committee or the entire tribe. Sunga empire, again, failed to succeed and did not reach up to the level of Mauryan empire due to division of power.
Taxes collected on land, trade, and manufacture of handicrafts were the other major sources of income during this era. The theory of the divinity of kings became more popular during the Gupta period. Much later, caste status and the corresponding occupation came to depend on birth, and change from one caste or occupation to another became far more difficult.
The empire was divided into provinces, each under a viceroy. The highly structured politics along with high spiritual beliefs such as Ahimsa from Budhism led to the advanced and centralized nature of the Mauryan empire which flourished under the great rulers of its time.
This period, witnessing a Hindu religious and intellectual resurgence, is known as the classical or " Golden Age of India ". In the history of ancient India we see many forms of society ranging from urban civilization of Indus Valley to the Classical Age of Gupta Dynasty. Statecraft evolved as a new system of government following the Vedic period.
The Aryans are said to have entered India through the fabled Khyber pass, around BC and gave rise to another civilization in Indian history, the Vedic period.The history of India includes the prehistoric settlements and societies in the Indian subcontinent; These empires saw advancements in ancient India's science, mathematics, astronomy, The political atmosphere in South India shifted from smaller kingdoms to large empires with the ascendancy of Badami Chalukyas.
THE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF THE CORPORATE FORM IN ANCIENT INDIA By: Vikramaditya S. Khanna∗ Abstract The corporation is the most popular form of business organization. Moreover, as the economies of emerging markets leap forward the popularity of the corporate form.
The Characteristics of India's Idea of Karma. 1, words. 3 pages. An Examination of the Political Forms of Ancient India. 1, words. 4 pages. A Comparison Between the Civilization of Ancient India and China. words. 1 page. An Analysis of a Video Describing Ancient India.
words. 2 pages. Company. The rhetorical theories and practices of ancient India and China provide the themes of this book. An examination of the relationship between culture and rhetoric, East and West, opens the book.
The rhetorical milieu of India, its philosophy, social system, and uses of speech, leads to a probing of the caste system and speech of the Brahmins.
A Re-examination of the Buddhist Interactions between Ancient India and China Tansen Sen Baruch College, The City University of New York were several kingdoms and empires within the area that now forms the Republic of India.
Some of these kingdoms, the Mauryan Empire, for example, extended beyond the borders of contemporary India. Aristotle of Stagira was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic, scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge and was known.Download