Some important environmental problems and their possible solutions are discussed below: Often the construction quality is inadequate to withstand heavy rains, high winds, or other local climate and location. The judgement banned shrimp small marine fish culture within metres of the high tide line along the 6, km coastline and the dismantling of all structures within the restricted zone by March Environmental problems in urban areas are growing especially in cities in developing countries.
Urbanization causes numerous effects on water resources; these effects can change the hydrology, water quality and availability of aquatic habitats. Financial deficiency in some governments may explain the lack of affordable public housing for the poor since any improvement of the tenant in slums and expansion of public housing programs involve a great increase in the government expenditure.
The increasing trend of urban population is due to: Few acute problems of urban areas are scarcity of drinking water especially the ground water, scarcity of forest products, power cut due to excessive use of electricity etc.
Even a relatively planned and serviced city like Delhi has now to reach as far as km to the Ramganga for augmentation of water supply.
These slums are on stilts to withstand routine floods which last 3 to 4 months every year. In other cases, the narrow and haphazard layout of slum streets, houses and substandard shacks, along with persistent threat of crime and violence against infrastructure workers, makes it difficult to layout reliable, safe, cost effective and efficient infrastructure.
Due to lot of heat released by various types of human activities in cities, which get retained by built structures and then slowly released into the atmosphere there is creation of urban heat island.
Established old slums, surrounded by the formal city infrastructure, cannot expand horizontally; therefore, they grow vertically by stacking additional rooms, sometimes for a growing family and sometimes as a source of rent from new arrivals in slums.
The unplanned constructions of large buildings in urban areas absorb solar radiation and in the afternoon, these emit heat radiations increasing the climatic temperature.
Smog on Manhattan Source Pollution of the urban environment and its components is the total resultant of an excessive burden on the environment and the self-cleaning capacity. Los Angeles smog Source Developing countries In the cities of the developing world, where population growth is outpacing the ability to provide the necessary infrastructure and services, the most serious environmental problems are expected in the immediate vicinity, with serious economic and social impacts on the urban population.
Water Supply and Drainage, 4. The newcomers, having paid for the right, feel they have commercial right to the home in that slum. Bythe shortage was expected to grow to 13 million units in urban areas.
Ecological and sociological footprints of cities have expanded over increasingly large areas and created urban - rural continuum of communities, who share similar aspects of individual lifestyles.
Established, old slums sometimes garner official support and get some of these infrastructure such as paved roads and unreliable electricity or water supply.
Growing cities are changing hydrological relationships and thereby influence the size and frequency of floods. Five and more persons may share a one-room unit; the room is used for cooking, sleeping and living. However, developing countries are becoming richer and urbaner, and their levels of consumption are close to those in developed countries.
Politics[ edit ] Many local and national governments have, for political interests, subverted efforts to remove, reduce or upgrade slums into better housing options for the poor. Each dwelling may be cohabited by multiple families.
Because of the non-existence of the drainage system, large pools of stagnant water can be seen in every city even in summer months. In the crowded slums, the human waste is just deposited in gutters or vacant spaces, which become a breeding ground for pathogenic bacteria spreading salmonella and hepatitis infections.
Overcrowding has very deleterious effects. The major problem present urban waste water and residues of pesticides and biocides, which pass through the surface and groundwater.
One of the less known facts about India is that there is not a single city which is fully sewered.Urbanization also provides several benefits when there is a well-planned city with proper transportation and residential facilities, reducing pollution problems.
xii. Due to better access to health care, educational and social service. The surrounding environment affects children due to the diverse types of animals also living in the slums. Often times, these animals have diseases that can contaminate the children.
Often times, these animals have diseases that can contaminate the children. With a rapidly increasing urbanization India's majour cities are now facing great social issues including housing problems, waste disposal and shortage of electric power.
Problems of Urban India Due to lack of housing, in every city almost fifty percent population live in slums. An Introduction to Environmental Challenges of Life in Slum Settlements of Tabriz Mirsaeed Moosavi + Sprawling slums, litter and polluted environmental and even political problems.
Due to its history and the. social and environmental problems due to increasing burden of slums and squatters (so- called “urban poor”), deficit and over-straining of existing infrastructure and services, and increasing pollution. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Environmental Problems Due To Slums.Download